Compared to the first study, the second is more international and ecumenical. It covers more countries, including Central and Eastern Europe, and additional churches such as the Methodist church in Germany and other countries. With its interest in the post-confirmation period and in volunteer work, the second study is more focused. However, by taking up some of the questions of 2007/2008, it also ensures continuity of research in an area that until 2007 had few research traditions in this respect. This continuity also provides a basis for identifying possible changes and long-term trends in the practice of confirmation work.